Version 4 (modified by Nicolas Pouillon, 17 years ago) (diff)


Generic Architectures

The concept

Generic Architecture means we will define some SoC hardware architecture with few variable parameters. The main goal is to change number of Cpus or memory banks, but not main architecture like interconnect choice.


An architecture is defined in a python class inherited from Architecture (defined in soclib). Method architecture will create contents of the SoC: components creation, connections, utilities (like MappingTable?).

You'll have to tell the architecture framework where is the lowest-level component, most probably the base interconnect. This must be archieved by calling self.setBase(component).


Anywhere in architecture method, you may call self.getParam(name) to get an architecture instance parameter.

  • name is the parameter name
  • default value is optionnal
    • user-specified value overrides default value
    • if default value is not given when calling getParam, user-specified argument becomes mandatory.
  • default value must be specified in class-global dictionnary 'defaults'


Basic example

We may define a basic architecture with no parameters:

class OneLevel(GenericArchitecture): 
    def architecture(self): 
        vgmn = Vgmn( ’vgmn’ ) 

        mips0 = Mips( ’mips0’ ) 
        cache0 = Xcache( ’cache0’ ) 

        # Cache ports connexion
        cache0.cache( mips0.cache ) 
        vgmn.getTarget()( cache0.vci ) 

        reset = Segment( ’reset’, 
                         address = 0xbfc00000, 
                         type = Cached ) 
        code = Segment( ’code’, type = Cached ) 
        data = Segment( ’data’, type = Uncached ) 
        ram = MultiRam( ’ram’, reset, code, data ) 

        # Connections
        vgmn.getInit()( ram.vci ) 

        # Declare base component
        self.setBase( vgmn ) 

        # Add configuration utilities
        self.setConfig(’mapping_table’, MappingTable())

As you may want to refer to some objects later on, you may set attributes to self:

        self.ram = MultiRam( ’ram’, reset, code, data )

Parametrized example

We will define a one-level architecture using a Vgmn, with two parameters: number of Cpus (ncpu) and number of Ram components (nram). By default, we will set nram to 1.

We'll add in ram0 (which always exists) two more segments.

We'll set those attributes:

  • vgmn: the interconnect
  • cpu: an array of all the cpus
  • ram: an array of all the ram chips
  • cram: an array of all the cached ram segments
  • uram: an array of all the uncached ram segments

This way, we'll be able to refer to platform.ram[2] or platform.cpu[0].

class Parametrized(GenericArchitecture): 
    defaults = {
        'nram': 1,
    def architecture(self): 
        self.vgmn = Vgmn( ’vgmn’ ) 

        self.cpu = []
        for i in range(self.getParam('ncpu')):
            cpu = Mips( ’mips%d’%i ) 
            cache = Xcache( ’cache%d’%i ) 

            # Cache ports connexion
            cache.cache( cpu.cache ) 
            vgmn.getTarget()( cache.vci )
            self.cpu.append( cpu )

        self.ram = []
        self.cram = []
        self.uram = []
        for i in range(self.getParam('nram')):
            cram = Segment( ’cram%d’%i, type = Cached ) 
            uram = Segment( ’uram%d’%i, type = Uncached ) 
            ram = MultiRam( ’ram%d’%i, cram, uram)

            vgmn.getInit()( ram.vci )
            self.ram.append( ram )
            self.cram.append( cram )
            self.uram.append( uram )

        self.reset = Segment( ’reset', type = Cached )
        self.excep = Segment( ’excep', type = Cached )
        self.ram[0].addSegment( self.reset, self.excep )

        self.setBase( self.vgmn ) 

        self.setConfig(’mapping_table’, MappingTable())